Shaban is the 8th month of the Islamic lunar calendar called the hijri calendar

When the month of Shaban comes, a sensation of joy and happiness spreads among Muslims. Shaban signals the coming of Ramadan, the best and most blessed month in Islam.

Therefore, full of joy, hope and optimism, Muslims start spiritual preparation for Ramadan during this month. They make plans; set goals and targets; prepare lists of worships to do and pray that Allah bless them with the opportunity to witness Ramadan and benefit from it.

Meaning of Sha'ban

So, there are some explanations of the name of the month of Shaban. The word Shaban is derived from the root “sha `a ba which has a number of meanings including branching and separating.

In view of these two meanings, we find a number of explanations of the reasons of naming Shaban so. It is reported that Shaban was named so because: 

1) People used to scatter in Shaban to engage in raids and fights after they were restrained in Rajab, the month preceding Shaban.
For Arabs, Rajab was a sacred month and violent conflicts were not allowed in it.

 
2) People used to spread in Shaban in search of water.
 
3) Plants would send out their branches in this month (so, the branches separate from each other.)
 
4) It is named Shaban because it comes between Rajab and Ramadan.



Our deeds are constantly being written down by our angels and Allah is already aware of all we do and say. However, the Prophet (saw) singled out specific times when our deeds would be raised to Allah to remind us to account ourselves for our actions and focus on our worship:

The Messenger of Allah (saw) said:

"Angels take turns among you by night and by day, and they all assemble at the dawn and afternoon prayers.
Those (of the angels) who spend the night among you, then, ascend, and their Lord asks them, though He is the best informed about them, “How did you leave My servants?“.
They say, “We left them while they were praying and we came to them while they were praying”’.

(Muslim)

The Prophet (saw) used to fast more during this month to gain extra reward. This is a reminder to us to pay extra attention to our deeds in Sha’ban and maximise our worship, rather than neglecting this month in favour of Ramadan.

By simply reading more Qur’an, praying voluntary prayers, and following the Sunnah of the Prophet (saw) by fasting more, you can strengthen your taqwa (consciousness of Allah) and establish good habits in time for Ramadan.



As well as fasting, there are multiple ways you can prepare for Ramadan during Sha’ban.
Set yourself targets for what you want to achieve in your worship for Sha’ban and Ramadan - remember, making the intention to do something good is rewardable too!

1) Draw up and commit to a simple Qur’an reading schedule (or a memorisation schedule, if you feel you can commit).

2) Feed someone who is homeless / in need (our community kitchen targets needy families in London, while our Food4Kids programme provides food to orphans and needy children worldwide).

3) Spend time with family members you haven’t seen in a while, especially the elderly.

4) Commit to giving up a bad habit and seek Allah’s forgiveness.

5) Commit to a schedule for praying Tahajjud - this will make it easier for you to pray at night in Ramadan.

6) Start saving money for Sadaqah and plan where you will spend it. Remember, during Ramadan you will be spending a lot less money on food, so it’s the perfect time to invest in your akhirah!




Sha’ban is often overlooked by many Muslims because incredible miracles took place in Rajab (Al-Isra’ wal-Mi’raj) and Ramadan (the revelation of the Qur’an), so we forget that Sha’ban is also a month to commemorate!

Splitting of the moon: 

Anas bin Malik (ra) narrated, ’The people of Makkah asked Allah’s Messenger (saw) to show them a miracle. So he showed them the moon split in two halves between which they saw the Hira’  mountain [the Mountain of Light]’. (Bukhari)

This incredible miracle took place in Sha’ban, and it is referred to in the Qur’an: ’The Hour has come near, and the moon has split [in two]’. (Qur’an, 54:1)

Changing of the Qiblah: 

The first Qiblah of the Muslims was Masjid Al-Aqsa Al-Mubarak. However, while the Prophet (saw) was living in Madinah, the following ayah was revealed:

‘We have certainly seen the turning of your face, [O Prophet (saw)], toward the heaven, and We will surely turn you to a Qiblah with which you will be pleased. So turn your face toward al-Masjid al-Haram…’ (Qur’an, 2:144)

SubhanAllah, the Prophet (saw) kept wishing he could face the first House of Allah (swt) while he was praying, but it was impossible to face both the Ka’bah and Masjid Al-Aqsa while he was living in Madinah. So Allah changed the Qiblah for him and his ummah.

Ayah commanding Salawat:

During Sha’ban, Muslims were also commanded to send Salawat upon the Prophet (saw). As mentioned before, Sha’ban is the month of the Prophet (saw) and we should take advantage of this opportunity to draw closer to him. The Prophet (saw) said, ‘The person closest to me on the Day of Judgement is the one who sent the most Blessings [Salawat] upon me’. (Tirmidhi) The best etiquette for making du’a is to begin by praising Allah and then sending Salawat upon the Prophet (saw).



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